Copernicus is the European Union’s flagship Earth observation programme that delivers freely accessible operational data and information services for policymakers, public authorities, businesses, citizens and scientists alike, with reliable and up-to-date information related to environmental issues.
The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) has been entrusted to operate two key parts of the Copernicus programme:
- The Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) provides daily forecasts detailing the makeup composition of the atmosphere from the ground up to the stratosphere. The quality of the air we breathe can significantly impact our health. CAMS monitors and forecasts air quality and the transport of pollutants, as well as forecasting potentially harmful ultraviolet radiation.
- The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) routinely monitors and analyses 22 essential climate variables to build a global picture of our past and future climate, as well as developing custom climate indicators to relevant economic sectors. For the health sector, C3S provides high resolution maps of temperature and heatwave frequency for major urban centres. The service also provides projections of the distribution and levels of pollen and the spread of vector-borne diseases.